In state legislatures around the nation, refundable child and family tax credits are experiencing a moment in the sun. Recent evidence shows that refundable child tax credits help families meet basic expenses and reduce poverty. At least 9 states have created or expanded child tax credits in 2023. Massachusetts families with children and adult dependents are struggling with the high cost of living in our state. Putting cash in the hands of families with children and adult dependents is a simple, effective way to help our fellow Bay Staters move from surviving to thriving.
The Massachusetts legislature is considering creating the Child and Family Tax Credit (CFTC), a refundable tax credit for families with children and adult dependents. The legislature is debating two competing CFTC proposals, one of which would provide a per-dependent benefit nearly twice as large as the other. It is important for our elected officials to choose the more generous option, as many of our neighbors’ household budgets strain under the weight of an affordability crisis. Minnesota, Colorado, New Jersey, and Oregon just enacted refundable child tax credits more generous than either of the proposals Massachusetts legislators are considering. May the bold action of these four states inspire our legislators as they finish debating the tax package in conference committee.
The Massachusetts legislature is debating two competing proposals to create the Child and Family Tax Credit (CFTC), a refundable tax credit for families with children and adult dependents. The new CFTC would combine two existing smaller refundable credits, which families must currently choose between, and remove the cap on the number of eligible dependents. The Senate proposal would create a $310 credit for each qualifying dependent and would not index the credit amount to inflation. The House proposal would ramp up the size of the credit to $600 per dependent over three years and index the credit amount to inflation, ensuring the credit retains its value into the future. If enacted, the CFTC would support over 700,000 taxpayers and 1,000,000 dependents.
Leaning in to Generosity
Table 1 shows that 9 states have created or expanded their child tax credit so far this year. Four states passed child tax credits of $1,000 or more per dependent in 2023. While Utah’s credit is $1,000, it is not refundable, meaning that many families will not be able to access cash from the credit. Minnesota passed the most generous state-level CTC, with a maximum benefit of $1,750 per dependent that is indexed to inflation. Minnesota’s cost of living is less than that of Massachusetts, so Minnesota’s credit will go even further for low-income families.
|State Child Tax Credit Changes, 2023|
|State||Maximum Per- Dependent Amount||Max Age||Refundable?|
|Massachusetts (under negotiation)||$310 to $600||12||Yes|
Massachusetts legislators are debating a credit smaller than Minnesota’s, but we can choose a credit the size of New Mexico’s. The more generous proposal of $600 per dependent, indexed to inflation, would go the extra mile to help families. The additional $290 per dependent could help make rent, buy school or medical supplies, or pay fees for sports or summer camps, for instance. A family with two children and an adult dependent would receive an additional $870 in refundable credits compared to the less generous plan.
|Credit Under Current Law and Proposals (Mass.)|
|Dependents||Maximum Current Credits||$310 Proposal||$600 Proposal|